The Praia Declaration establishing this group calls for bold actions for its members to adopt common positions in international, regional and sub-regional organizations, especially in relation to the African Union and its Agenda 2063 and the Global Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development, identifying common sources of funding and supporting one another in advocating policies and actions favorable to this group.
On December 16-17, 2016 Cabo Verde hosted the First Conference of the African Small Island Developing States and Madagascar (SIDSAM). Attending were the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Cabo Verde, Comoros and São Tomé and Príncipe, the Representatives of Guinea Bissau, Mauritius and Seychelles and, as observer, the United Nations in Cabo Verde led by the UN Resident Coordinator/UNDP Resident Representative.
The meeting represented a milestone for Africa as it officially formalized the creation of the African group of SIDS plus Madagascar. In the past African SIDS and Madagascar used to meet as an informal group of countries on the margin of major conferences, recently those held in Victoria, Johannesburg, Addis Ababa and Kigali, in December 2014, June 2015, January 2016 and June of the same year, respectively